Citizens in Maharashtra can live up to four years more if the air quality improves as per the World Health Organisation (WHO) norms, stated a report by researchers of the University of Chicago and Harvard Kennedy School.
The report titled ‘A roadmap towards cleaning India’s air’ stated that Mumbai can increase the life expectancy up to 2.5 years if the PM2.5 levels, pollutant mostly arising from vehicular and industrial emissions are brought down to the WHO’s standard limit of annual average of PM2.5 level at 10 µg/m3.
More than 660 million Indians live in areas that exceed the Indian National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for fine particulate (PM2.5) pollution.
“Our research suggests that if India were to meet its own standards, life expectancy would increase by more than one year on average. Moreover, if India were to meet the WHO’s air quality standard, its people would live about four years longer on average,” read the report.
The report also highlighted that out of 13,200 pollution tests done of industries of Maharashtra, half of them were found to be exceeding the regulatory standard. The pollution tests were done between 2012 and 2018. However Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (MPCB) stated that all the new industries especially the power plants have been given stringent norms for compliance.
“Mostly the heavily polluted industries are in the outskirts of Nagpur and Amravati among others. Moreover, many industries around Navi Mumbai and Thane are changing into cleaner fuels,” said Dr. P. Anbalagan, member secretary, MPCB.
The report has however suggested that star rating programmed initiated by the MPCB in 2017 could help in identifying and thereby curbing the increasing industrial pollution. In this initiative, hundreds of large industrial plants have been rated for the first time on a scale of 1 to 5 star, based on their levels of particulate emissions. 1 indicates non compliance, whereas 5 indicates compliance.
“The potential to earn a 5-star rating provides an incentive for polluters to maintain low emissions,” added Mr. Anbalagan.
The world health organisation report states
Maharashtra can live up to four years more if the air quality is improved as per the World Health Organisation (WHO).
More than 660 million Indians live in areas that exceed the Indian NAAQS for fine particulate (PM2.5) pollution.
In Maharashtra, another highly industrialized state, the results of over 13,200 regulatory pollution tests spanning the period between September 2012 and February 2018 were digitized in collaboration with the MPCB. Over half of all samples were found to exceed the regulatory standard.
If India were to achieve its own air quality standards, life expectancy would increase by more than one year on average. This number would increase to four years if India were to meet the WHO norms.